Management of Chronic Subdural Hematoma in Adults at the Renaissance University Hospital Center in Ndjamena (Chad)

Authors

  • Yannick CANTON KESSELY Neurosurgeon
  • Aboulkhassim MAHAMAT ADAM Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance
  • Felicien G. TOUDJINGAR
  • Olivier Li-Iyané OUAMBI Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance
  • Donald DJASDE Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Reference nationale
  • Aboubacar AOUAMI Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance
  • Brahim SOUKAYA Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance
  • Kader NDIAYE Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance
  • Momar CODE BA Department of neurosurgery Hopital La Renaissance

Keywords:

hematoma, head

Abstract

Introduction: A chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a collection of old blood between the dura mater and the cranial arachnoid. It is a commonly encountered condition in neurosurgery. The goal of the study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic, and evolutionary aspects of CSDH. Methodology: This was a prospective observational and descriptive study conducted over a 22-month period. Any patient presenting with CSDH on a cerebral CT scan and consenting to take part in the study was included. Results: CSDH accounted for 17% of cranial conditions hospitalized and 46.05% of intracranial hematomas. The patients' mean age was 56 +/- 17.6 years, with 42.8% ranging from 61 to 80 years. In 85.7% of cases, head trauma was the cause of the CSDH. High blood pressure was identified as a risk factor in 37.1% of the cases. COVID-19 was associated with two cases of CSDH. 17.1% of patients were dehydrated. Anemia was found in 65.7% of cases. In 57.1% of cases, the hematoma was located in the left hemispheric region. Surgery was performed in 85.7% of the cases. In 91.4% of cases, the post-therapeutic outcome was favorable. The overall mortality rate was 8.6%. Conclusion: In our practice, CSDH is a relatively common but underdiagnosed condition. The prognosis is favorable if treated early.

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Published

27-02-2023

How to Cite

1.
CANTON KESSELY Y, MAHAMAT ADAM A, TOUDJINGAR FG, OUAMBI OL-I, DJASDE D, AOUAMI A, et al. Management of Chronic Subdural Hematoma in Adults at the Renaissance University Hospital Center in Ndjamena (Chad). EAJNS [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 27 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];2(1):31-6. Available from: https://theeajns.org/index.php/eajns/article/view/200

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